Department of Agriculture

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The total Geographical area of the Tiruvallur District is 3422 sq.km. Agro Climatically Tiruvallur District is falling under the North Eastern Zone.

Rainfall Pattern

The Annual Normal Rainfall is 1152.8 mm.

Sl.No.

Season

Normal Rainfall
 (in mm)

Seasonal Contribution (%)

1.

Winter (Jan Feb)

33.5

3%

2.

Summer (Mar May)

65.7

6%

3.

South West Monsoon

449.5

39%

4.

North East Monsoon

604.1

52%

Total

1152.8

100%

 

 

 

 

 

 


Soil

The Predominant Soil types are sand and Sandy Loam which are found in all taluks with Red Loam in part of Tiruthani Taluk, saline and Alkaline Soils also noticed in some patches of Ambathur, Ponneri and Tiruvallur Divisions.

Land Use Pattern

Around 86% of the total population is in rural areas engaged in Agriculture and Allied activities. The land use pattern is as follows:
 

Details

Area (Ha.)

%

 
Forests 19736.01.0 5.8  
Barren & Un-Cultivable Land 13636.12.5 4.0  
Lands put to Non-Agricultural Uses 108401.29.9 31.7  
Cultivable Waste Land 7734.88.3 2.3  
Permanent pastures & Grazing Lands 8120.90.5 2.4  
Misc. tree crops & Groves not included in the net area sown 7568.96.0 2.2  
Current fallow Lands 32017.03.5 9.4  
Other fallow Lands 38885.79.5 11.4  
Net area sown 106137.81.8 30.8  
Geographical Area 342243.00.0 100  
Area Sown more than once 21326.55.5    
Gross area sown 127464.37.3    
Cropping Intensity 1.20    

Sources of Irrigation

Source No. Net Irrigated Area (Ha.) Gross Irrigated Area (Ha.)
By Canals 17 1014.26 1534.49
By Tanks      
PWD 573    
Minor 1323   6

Total

1896 13131.14 15920.31
By Tube wells / Bore well 20819 60537.58 76301.84
By Open Wells 9307 13663.08 15335.42

Total

  88346.04 109092.06

Irrigation Intensity

1.23

Details of Crops Cultivated

Paddy

Paddy is the principal crop extensively cultivated in three season Viz sornavari (April to July), Samba (August to November) and Navarai (December to March) Normal area under paddy is 82869 Ha and Normal productivity of Rice per Hectare is 3359 Kgs.

   
Millets The Normal Area under Millets is 1578 Ha. Among Millets, Cumbu is major millet crop generally sown under Rainfed condition in a Normal area of 1220 Ha. The Normal Productivity under millet is 2049 Kgs / Hectare.
   
Pulses The Normal Area under Pulses is 8611 Ha under Kharif and Rabi Seasons and Larger Area of Pulses is cultivated during Rabi season. The normal productivity of pulses is 549 Kgs / Ha. The Predominant pulses crop cultivated are Greengram, Blackgram and Redgram.
   
Oilseeds

Groundnut is the major oilseed crop cultivated in a normal area of 17401 Ha under Kharif and Rabi season. Major area cultivated during Rabi Season. The Normal productivity is 4274 Kgs / Ha.

   
Sugarcane

Sugarcane is cultivated in a National Area of 5848 Ha with Normal cane productivity of 117 MT / Ha.

AGRICULTURE ALLOTTED STATIONS IN THE DISTRICT

State Seed Farm and Seed procuring units Kolanthalur  
     
Coconut Nursery and Coconut Crossing centre Madhavaram  
     
Coconut Mother Palm Garden Putlur  
     
Rice Research Station / KVK Tirurkuppam  
     
Horticulture Farm and Training of Centre Madhavaram  
     
Co-Operative Sugar Mill Tiruvalangadu  
     
Co-operative Fertilizer Dealers 23  
     
Private Fertilizer Dealer 158  
     
No. of Pesticide Dealers 86  
     
Quasi Govt. Seed Dealer 1  
     
Private Seed Dealers 86  

Schemes Being Implemented to increase the productivity and production

Sl. No.

Name of the Scheme

1.

Procurement & Distribution of Paddy Seeds

2.

Procurement & Distribution of Pulses Seeds

3.

Procurement & Distribution of Oilseeds

4.

Procurement & Distribution of Green manure seeds

5.

Production & Distribution of Blue green Algae

6.

Production & Distribution of Azolla

7.

Distribution of Bio-fertilizer

8.

Distribution of Azospirillum, Phosphobacteria, & Rhizobium

9.

Distribution of Micro Nutrient Mixture

10.

Distribution of Pleurotus

11.

Vermi composting of Agricultural waste

12.

Crop & Plant Protection

13.

Distribution of Fertilizers

14.

National Agricultural Insurance Scheme

15.

IAMWARM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA SCHEMES

1.

ISOPOM Oilseeds

2.

ISOPOM Maize

3.

ICDP Rice

4.

Agricultural Technology Management Agency (ATMA)

5.

Integrated farming for coconut development

6.

Seed Village

7.

NFSM Pulses

8.

National Agricultural Development Programme (NADP)
Rainfed Area Development Programme
Intensification of Redgram cultivation through demonstration
DAP Foliar spraying for Pulses